The marine families include Posidoniaceae, Zosteraceae, Hydrocharitaceae, and Cymodoceaceae (Larkum , 1999).Seagrasses have evolved to grow and reproduce under these difficult environmental conditions, emphasizing a unique/novel morphology, physiology, and biochemistry compared with terrestrial plants.
, 2006) plants were collected from Pelican Banks in Gladstone Harbour (Queensland, Australia) in November 2011, transferred with rhizomes attached in a 5–10cm deep sediment layer into 1 litre rectangular, clear plastic food storage containers, and delivered on the same day to the University of Technology Sydney.
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Seagrasses are flowering plants which grow fully submerged in the marine environment.
The identification of seagrass genes and their related cellular processes may provide insights into seagrass evolution and adaptation to life in the marine realm.
The characterization of genes that are lost in seagrass compared with other plant species suggests which molecular processes are no longer active or have significantly diverged in seagrass, while the identification of conserved genes between seagrasses and other plants can help resolve processes that are indispensable to plant life both on land and in the marine realm.